Also in this section
- Planning Policy
- 5 Year Housing Supply
- Community Infrastructure Levy
- Community Infrastructure Levy Examination
- Core Strategy
- Core Strategy Examination
- Core Strategy Sustainability Appraisals
- District Heating
- Duty to Co-operate
- GLH Steering Group
- M40 Corridor Steering Group
- Evidence Base
- Gaydon/Lighthorne Heath SPD
- Green Belt Review
- Gypsy and Traveller Local Plan
- Housing Trajectory
- Local Development Scheme
- Local Plan Review
- Monitoring Information
- Neighbourhood Plans
- Parish Plans
- Planning Policy Consultation Viewer
- Site Allocations Plan
- Site Allocations Plan Sustainability Appraisals
- Statement of Community Involvement
- Supplementary Guidance and Documents
Duty to Co-operate
The Localism Act places a duty on Local Planning Authorities to co-operate with each other and other bodies to address strategic issues relevant to their areas. This is known as the Duty to Co-operate.
The Act inserts the Duty to Co-operate into the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Order Act 2004 at Section 33A. It makes clear that the duty applies to all local planning authorities, county councils and prescribed bodies, as set out in the Town and Country Planning (Local Planning) (England) Regulations 2012. The new duty requires these bodies to ‘engage constructively, actively and on an ongoing basis' on the preparation of development plan documents ‘so far as relating to a strategic matter'.
Strategic matters are defined as relating to:
- sustainable development or use of land that would have a significant impact on at least two local planning areas including use of land in connection with infrastructure that is strategic and would have a significant impact on at least two planning areas; and
- sustainable development or use of land in a two-tier area if the development or use is a county matter or would have a significant impact on a county matter.
The duty requires that councils set out planning policies to address such issues and requires them to consider joint approaches to plan making.
The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) builds on the requirements of the Localism Act. It indicates that public bodies should:
- Co-operate on cross boundary planning issues;
- Undertake joint working on areas of common interest;
- Work collaboratively with other bodies to ensure that strategic priorities are properly co-ordinated and clearly reflected in Local Plans;
- Consider producing joint policies and strategies;
- Work collaboratively with Local Enterprise Partnerships, Local Nature Partnerships, private sector bodies, utility and infrastructure providers;
- Demonstrate evidence of effective co-operation when submitting a local plan for examination (e.g. a Memorandum of Understanding or jointly prepared strategy or evidence); and
- Satisfy the tests of soundness relating to positive preparation and effectiveness.
Strategic priorities as identified in the NPPF (at para 156), for which strategic policies should be developed, relate to the following:
- the homes and jobs needed in the area;
- the provision of retail, leisure and other commercial development;
- the provision of infrastructure for transport, telecommunications, waste management, water supply, wastewater, flood risk and coastal change management, and the provision of minerals and energy (including heat);
- the provision of health, security, community and cultural infrastructure and other local facilities; and
- climate change mitigation and adaptation, conservation and enhancement of the natural and historic environment, including landscape.
For further information please contact the Planning Policy team on 01789 260399 or email email@example.com